), or Bachelor of Applied Science (B.A.Sc.) It is the branch of engineering that involves the design, production, and operation of machinery.[2][3]. Quotations related to Mechanical engineering at Wikiquote, Engineering discipline and economic branch, Note: fluid mechanics can be further split into fluid statics and fluid dynamics, and is itself a subdiscipline of continuum mechanics. Some of these subdisciplines are unique to mechanical engineering, while others are a combination of mechanical engineering and one or more other disciplines. What made you want to look up mechanical engineering? Mechanical engineering emerged as a field during the Industrial Revolution in Europe in the 18th century; however, its development can be traced back several thousand years around the world. : a branch of engineering concerned primarily with the industrial application of mechanics and with the production of tools, machinery, and their products. In the United States it is common for mechanical engineering students to complete one or more internships while studying, though this is not typically mandated by the university. In Greece, the coursework is based on a five-year curriculum and the requirement of a 'Diploma' Thesis, which upon completion a 'Diploma' is awarded rather than a B.Sc.[26]. The degree takes four years of full-time study to achieve. Some systems, such as the perforated top sections of some plastic bags, are designed to break. [10] Bloomeries and blast furnaces were developed during the seventh century BC in Meroe. The structure of bone matter is optimized for its purpose of bearing a large amount of compressive stress per unit weight. The role of a mechanical engineer is to take a product from an idea to the marketplace. (Image: © Scorpp | Shutterstock) Mechanical engineering is … The six classic simple machines were known in the ancient Near East. In the United States, the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) was formed in 1880, becoming the third such professional engineering society, after the American Society of Civil Engineers (1852) and the American Institute of Mining Engineers (1871). or Ph.D.) or an engineer's degree. One of the oldest of all the engineering disciplines, it focuses on mechanical systems — their design, analysis, manufacture and maintenance. The application of mechanical engineering can be seen in the archives of various ancient and medieval societies. What does Mechanical Engineering mean? Future work skills[36] research puts demand on study components that feed student's creativity and innovation.[37]. As mechanical engineering begins to merge with other disciplines, as seen in mechatronics, multidisciplinary design optimization (MDO) is being used with other CAE programs to automate and improve the iterative design process. Definition of mechanical-engineering noun in Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary. A bachelor's degree in these areas will typically have a difference of a few specialized classes. Some mechanical engineers go on to pursue a postgraduate degree such as a Master of Engineering, Master of Technology, Master of Science, Master of Engineering Management (M.Eng.Mgt. This allowed mechanical engineering to develop as a separate field within engineering. Engineers employ two types of natural resources—materials and energy. Mechanical engineering is a broad discipline, which encompasses the research, design, development, construction and testing of tools, machines and other mechanical equipment. Manually manufactured parts generally consist of spray coatings, surface finishes, and other processes that cannot economically or practically be done by a machine. Mechanical systems open and close the drive, spin the CD and move the laser, while an optical system reads the data on the CD and converts it to bits. “Mechanical engineering.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/mechanical%20engineering. During the early 19th century industrial revolution, machine tools were developed in England, Germany, and Scotland. [25], Degrees in mechanical engineering are offered at various universities worldwide. The innovative steady state (non-fusion) welding technique joins materials previously un-weldable, including several aluminum alloys. The discipline of mechatronics began as a way to combine mechanical principles with electrical engineering. Composites or composite materials are a combination of materials which provide different physical characteristics than either material separately. Computers are used to perform the calculations required to simulate the interaction of liquids and gases with surfaces defined by boundary conditions. Thermodynamics is an applied science used in several branches of engineering, including mechanical and chemical engineering. Education in mechanical engineering has historically been based on a strong foundation in mathematics and science. This page was last edited on 29 November 2020, at 11:28. CEng MIMechE can also be obtained via an examination route administered by the City and Guilds of London Institute. Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Before the degree can be awarded, the student must complete at least 3 months of on the job work experience in an engineering firm. No physical prototype need be created until the design nears completion, allowing hundreds or thousands of designs to be evaluated, instead of a relative few. . BioSpine). 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